YouTube is known to be a breeding ground for creators. At the same time, however, it’s also regularly used to share copyrighted material without permission.
While copyright holders can issue takedown notices to remove infringing content, a preliminary ruling by the Commercial Court in Vienna has decided this is not sufficient.
The ruling follows a complaint from local television channel Puls 4. After a thorough review of YouTube’s functionalities, the Court concluded that YouTube has an obligation to prevent third parties from uploading infringing content.
In its defense, YouTube argued that it’s a neutral hosting provider under the provisions of the E-Commerce Act. As such, it should be shielded from direct liability for the actions of users.
However, the Commercial Court disagreed, noting that YouTube takes several motivated actions to organize and optimize how videos are displayed. By doing so, it becomes more than a neutral hosting provider.
“Through the connections, sorting, filtering and linking, in particular by creating tables of contents according to predefined categories, determining the surfing behavior of users and creating a tailor-made surfing proposal, offering help etc, YouTube leaves on the role of a neutral intermediary and therefore cannot claim the host provider privilege,” the Court declared.
As a consequence, YouTube will have to take measures to ensure that no copyright-infringing videos are uploaded in the future. This sounds a lot like the upload filters which are part of the EU’s planned copyright reform.
According to Puls 4, the Court’s decision has “the potential to revolutionize the Internet.” While it is limited to copyright infringement and YouTube, the company notes that it could be expanded to other areas and services as well.